Under California Penal Code 530.5(a): Unauthorized Use of Personal Identifying Information.
Every person who willfully obtains personal identifying information of another person, and uses that information for any unlawful purpose, including to obtain or attempt to obtain, credit, goods, services, or medical information in the name of the other person without the consent of that person, is guilty of a public offense.
Identity theft involves acquiring key pieces of someone's identifying information, in order to impersonate them, such as:
Bank Account Numbers
Date of Birth
Health Insurance Identification Number
Mother's Maiden Name
Social Security Number
Dangers of Identity Theft
This information enables the identity thief to commit numerous forms of fraud which include, but are not limited to:
Applying for loans, credit cards, and social security benefits
Establishing services with utility and phone companies